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We are poor indeed if we are only sane.

D.W. Winnicott

Every man is a poet at heart and that the last poet will not perish till the last man does.

Sigmund Freud

The deepest need of man is the need to overcome his separateness, to leave the prison of his aloneness.

Eric Fromm

When we feed and support our own happiness, we are nourishing our ability to love.

Thich Nhat Hanh

The good life is one inspired by love and guided by knowledge.

Betrand Russel

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Ham Ava note number 1

  • 31 January 2016 |

Kernberg in his book “Contemporary controversies in psychoanalytic theory, techniques and their applications” talks about the symptoms of psychoanalytic institutes. The importance of this topic and the familiarity of some of the topics, encouraged us to introduce it to Ham Ava audience. Following parts are from chapter 7 of this book.



Psychoanalytic Discourse /Discours Psychanalytique (PSYAD)

An Independent International Journal for Clinical, Theoretical and Cultural Discussion of Psychoanalysis / discours psychanalytique une revue independante pour la discussion clinique, théorique et culturelle de la psychanalyse

Psychoanalytic Discourse is a quarterly international journal devoted to cross-disciplinary debate among theoreticians, clinicians, cultural scholars, and literary critics working within the psychoanalytic framework. The journal is an independent peer review publication that strives to speak to the informed reader in psychoanalysis and is open to contributions from different schools and academic disciplines. Psychoanalytic Discourse publishes both submitted and invited manuscripts. Authors retain copyrights to their work and may publish their papers elsewhere. We invite scholarly and research papers that offer new ways of understanding the unconscious dimensions of human behavior. The journal honors not only diversity of theoretical perspectives, it encourages submissions of empirical work with diverse methodological orientations. PSYCHOANALYTIC DISCOURSE, PSYAD is a sister journal of the EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHOANALYSIS, ESP. http://www.journal-psychoanalysis.eu/

psychoanalytic discourse

Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy

  • Siamak Movahedi, PhD. , Nahaleh Moshtagh, PhD.

    Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy is based on Freud's theory of the individual and his notion of psychic reality. Analytic work, contrary to other forms of therapy, aims to look beyond the manifest representations of things to discover or construct the rich layers of psychic reality that underlie the appearances. Psychoanalytic therapist deciphers the code of the deep structure by listening to the individual's personal narrative. Thus, the unconscious is considered a structuring code that provides syntax for the organization of one's ideas, wishes, feelings and memories. In other words, the unconscious provides syntax for a "discourse" for which the "vocabulary" comes from the subject's biography. The individual's biography as content is unfolded whithin the deep structure as form. That is the unconscious is transindividual and culturally shared by individuals, whereas the preconscious is individual and contains the person history. Although psychoanalytic theory has gone through profound changes since Freud, it continues to remain an elegant mode of listening to a patient. Contrary to other psychotherapeutic techniques, the analyst does not ask the patient to change, to give up his symptoms, to be normal, to adapt, or to behave in a particular way. The therapist is not to have any desire or plan for the patient but to help her discover her own desires rather than being the slave to other's demands. The psychoanalytic therapist is concerned with the patient's state of mind in the here and now of the analytic situation rather than the patient's life in the there and then of the external world. Inference about the state of mind is to be made through the narrative activities in the session. Psychoanalytic therapy unfolds through three critical processes: transference, countertransference and resistance. Transference is what the patient brings to the analytic situation. It is the patient's characteristic mode of conflict, perception, expectation, object relation, or definitions of situations. These internalized patterns tend to constrain the individual's external relations and to create problems that must be worked through. Transference also entails an emotional involvement with the therapist, not as a real object but as a projected figure from the past. Countertransference is what the therapist brings to the psychoanalytic situation. It consists of all of the therapist's subjective states, blind spots and attitudes toward the patient. Resistance is any defensive interpsychic activity that interferes with the analytic process.
    The analytic situation is considered to be both a laboratory and an operation room for scientific and clinical work. The emotional climate of the analytic situation is of critical importance in interpreting any exchange in the analytic hour.

    Siamak Movahedi, PhD. , Nahaleh Moshtagh, PhD.

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Friedrich Nietzsche

What if pleasure and displeasure were so tied together that whoever wanted to have as much as possible of one must also have as much as possible of the other?


Peter Berger

Most of the time the game has been fixed long before we arrive on the scene. All that is left for us to do is to play it with more or with less enthusiasm.